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Ocular Inflammatory Diseases

  1. What is it?

This refers to a group of conditions which cause inflammation of one or more sections of the eye. It may be referred to as uveitis, retinitis, choroiditis, scleritis, iritis or vasculitis depending on the structure(s) of the eye that are affected.

  1. What causes it?

Broadly, there are infective and non-infective causes. Bacteria (for example tuberculosis), viruses ( for example cytomegalovirus) and fungi (for example candidiasis) may all be possible causes. The non-infective  group of diseases are due to autoimmune abnormalities which may be specific, such as, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, or non-specific.

  1. How would I know if I have it?

In mild cases, a person may simply complain of floaters or slight blurring of vision. In others, there may be pain, redness, vision loss and sensitivity to light.

  1. Am I at risk?

It is not always possible to determine the specific cause of the disease but those who suffer from certain infections or autoimmune conditions have a higher risk. In many cases, tests will be required. There is a long list of possibilities.

  1. How is it treated?

For some, eye drops may suffice but for many, oral medication is essential and may be required for more than a year. Surgery may be needed on certain cases to aid diagnosis or treat complications such as cataract or haemorrhage.

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